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A diver shares a tank with an adult arapaima fish at an aquarium in Manaus, Brazil. Known as the pirarucu in Brazil and the paiche in Peru, this South America giant is one of the largest freshwater fish in the world. Some reach lengths of more than 10 feet (3 meters) and weigh upward of 400 pounds (180 kilograms).

Large megafish like these have become rare worldwide due to heavy fishing. The arapaima is the focus of several conservation projects in South America, including no-fishing reserves and fishing quotas.

Photograph courtesy Zeb Hogan


February 24, 2009--Fishers and scientists announced this week the catch, and release, of what is likely the world's largest known freshwater giant stingray.

The giant stingray, weighing an estimated 550 to 990 pounds (250 to 450 kilograms) was reeled in on January 28, 2009, as part of a National Geographic expedition in Thailand.

The stingray's body measured 6.6 feet (2 meters) wide by 6.9 feet (2.1) meters long. The tail was missing. If it had been there, the ray's total length would have been between 14.8 and 16.4 feet (4.5 and 5 meters), estimated University of Nevada Biologist Zeb Hogan.

Hogan was in Thailand searching for giant fish as part of the Megafishes Project—an effort to document Earth's 20 or so freshwater giants.

The new find gives Hogan hope that the giant stingray, once overfished, may be more abundant than previously thought. And it may confirm the giant stingray as the heavyweight champ of the Megafishes Project.

"Honestly, we just don't know how much it weighed. But it's clear that the giant stingray has the potential to be the largest freshwater fish in the world," said Hogan, also a National Geographic Emerging Explorer. (National Geographic News is owned by the National Geographic Society.)

"The Thai populations were once considered critically endangered, although with the discovery of new populations the stingray's abundance appears higher than previously believed," added Hogan. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) currently lists the freshwater giant stingray as vulnerable.

Last March Hogan found a 14-foot-long (4.3-meter-long) ray near the Thai city of Chachoengsao. (See previous giant stingray news and video.)

Freshwater giant stingrays are among the largest of the approximately 200 species of rays. They can be found in a handful of rivers in Southeast Asia and northern Australia.

Much is still unknown about the mammoth ray species, including whether or not it can swim out to and survive at sea. The species was first described scientifically only in 1989.

Hogan and his colleagues are still looking for new varieties and populations of the giant stingray.

--Tasha Eichenseher









Photograph courtesy Zeb Hogan



1) 10:10 websites (NGO)  : CLICK HERE TO GO TO THIS WEBSITE

On March 15th 2009, at the premiere of the climate blockbuster The Age of Stupid, in a solar-powered cinema tent in London’s Leceister Square, actor Pete Postlethwaite ambushed the UK’s Minister for Climate Change, Ed Miliband, with a giant pledge. “If you commission a new dirty coal power station,” it read, “then I promise to never vote Labour again – and give back my OBE”. It worked: within a month Miliband had changed the UK coal policy.

This was the first time any of us had met Ed and, frankly, we thought it would be the last. But just a few days after the premiere, his office was on the phone: Ed would like to challenge Stupid director Franny Armstrong to a public head-to-head battle at the Tricycle Theatre later that week.

ExpertSo it came to pass that Franny was walking through Regent’s Park two hours before the showdown, wondering how best to use this unparalleled opportunity to ask anything she liked of the most powerful climate man in Britain. Two things sprang to mind: a recent George Monbiot article had laid out the kind of policies we’d need to cut the UK’s emissions very quickly, none of which sounded impossible. And the Climate Safety report had identified a 10% cut in the UK’s emissions by the end of 2010 as the level of cuts we should be making if we are to maximise our chances of not triggering a climate catastrophe. As opposed to all the far-off targets (80% by 2050 et al) so beloved of policy makers who understand full well that they’ll be long since out of power – if not dead.

Trees, park, birds, climate change, urgency, short-term, 10% in 2010…

A campaign to cut 10% of the UK’s emissions in 2010.

Franny called up her Team Stupid comrades, each of whom said “That’s it!”.

Being an impetuous type, Franny foolishly chucked the 10:10 idea into that evening’s debate with Miliband, but he barely noticed (though quite a few people from the audience emailed later asking about it). Following the debate, a Team Stupid brainstorming session was quickly convened at Franny’s dad’s house in the countryside. As well as planning the launch of the film at huge live events around the world, the team were there to decide how best to use the opportunities the film had opened up to effectively campaign for action on climate change. Everyone immediately saw that a 10% cut in 2010 was perfect for the kind of mass-engagement with this issue that had been missing up to now. Simple, catchy, meaningful and something that everyone in the UK, from big brands to schools and families, would be able to get involved in. Team Stupid were agreed: 10:10 was the best idea yet to land on the climate change table.

Within weeks, the 10:10 idea had rippled out across the nation, picking up support wherever it went. 10:10 seemed to have some kind of magic touch: local authorities; power companies; economists; celebrities; faith leaders; primary schools; hospitals; high street banks; everyone who heard the plan immediately said this was the idea that Britain has been waiting for.

10:10 was born.


2) - cari segalanya berita dan informasi berkaitan malaysia.  : CLICK HERE TO GO TO THIS WEBSITE

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